Cloud Computing Trends to Watch for in 2018
Cloud computing may be the new normal, but that certainly doesn’t mean it’s static. Rather, cloud and related technologies, practices, and culture – think containers, microservices architecture, DevOps, and the like – will continue to change at a breakneck pace. Coming up in the last quarter of 2017, many businesses and IT executives have begun to turn their attention to the ways they can use technology to complete their 2018 objectives.
That is why we have created this list of a few cloud computing trends that the most strategic businesses will be using in the coming year.
The Growth of Cloud Computing
Software as a service (SaaS) created a financially attractive, flexible opening for businesses and consumers to see how they liked early cloud services. Today, there are two more branches of cloud services available, Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) and Platform as a Service (PaaS). With the expansion of cloud solutions to the public and private sectors, we can expect to see a lot more businesses taking advantage of the simple, high-performance that the cloud can guarantee.
All three services are predicted to see growth in 2018. SaaS, in particular, is expected to have a 20.1 percent increase in usage over 2017.
An Increase in the Popularity of Fog Computing
The United States office of National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) released a draft of the Special Publication 800-191, referencing the ever-increasing popularity of fog computing technologies. An extension of the traditional cloud-based computing model, fog computing helps manage certain application processes at the edge of the network. This technology provides “ubiquitous, scalable, layered, federated, and distributed computing, storage, and network connectivity,” utilizing features like large-scale sensor networks, heterogeneous data allocation, and interoperable support. MarketsandMarkets cites an increase in fog computing technology through estimates that the Cloud High-Performance Computing (HPC) market will grow to $10.83 billion by 2020. Businesses should consider augmenting the middle layer of their centralized platforms to promote interplay by applying newer fog computing technologies.
Increased cloud storage capacity
As cloud services increasingly become a de facto part of doing business, we expect data storage to grow exponentially in the coming year. To accomplish this, service providers will bring more data centers online with larger-capacity storage equipment. The Cisco survey estimates that in 2017, the total amount of data stored in data centers would be 370 EB, while global storage capacity would reach 600 EB (see page 12 of the survey). These numbers are set to grow in 2018 to an estimated total storage capacity of 1.1 ZB, which is approximately twice the space available in 2017.
While data centers owners move to increase available storage, forward-thinking businesses will be able to take advantage of that space to further their objectives. For example, businesses that work with big data will use this increased space to store large data sets, perform analytics on them, and harvest valuable insights into areas such as customer behavior, human systems, and strategic financial investments. For small businesses, increased storage capacity means that 2018 will provide custom or bespoke storage options at far lower prices than were available in 2017.
The Internet of Thing will jump to the forefront.
In 2017, the term “internet of things” – or IoT – became commonplace. But in 2018, the continuous innovations in real-time data analytics and cloud computing will quickly move the “internet of everything” to the top of the list. IoE encompasses machine-to-machine communications, data, processes and how humans communicate with everything in their environment. As IoE develops into complex systems aimed at simplifying all interactions, cloud computing is expected to increasingly play a significant role. This will include integrating intelligently with every device in a customer’s network and providing insight into how they feel about their services, products and one another.
Enhanced internet quality and the rise of 5G
Just as the amount of data generated and stored around the world is poised to grow tremendously in 2018, consumers will also expect better and faster connections from network providers. Qualcomm Snapdragon has been spearheading the move to faster network speeds, and 2018 should see an increase in the number of groups working on these improvements. As this work gains momentum, we anticipate strong movement from gigabyte LTE speeds to full 5G networks, helping us reach 5G capabilities in record time.
Enhanced network quality will increase consumer expectations for highly-responsive, fast-loading services and apps. Savvy business owners will move quickly to reevaluate and upgrade their SaaS, PaaS, and website platforms to be more responsive. The IoT and IoE industries will also benefit from faster network speeds by allowing organizations in this space to receive and deliver data more efficiently in real time.
Cloud Security Will Be Challenged by Cyber Attacks
There have been a number of prominent cyber attacks throughout 2017, such as the Equifax data breach and the numerous BitCoin hacks. Cloud infrastructures will be targeted for single and state-sponsored attacks, so network monitoring analysts need to be equal in skill to their attackers so they could continuously detect and remedy any threats to their respective networks. Solutions like security information and event management (SIEM) and malware detection systems will become popular tools in fighting off cyber attacks, so analysts should be on the lookout for robust services that could help strengthen their private or public cloud platforms.